Simultaneous Multiple Surface design method for diffractive surfaces
The simultaneous multiple surface (SMS) design method is extended to include design of diffractive optical surfaces besides refractive and reflective ones. This method involves the simultaneous and direct (no optimization) calculation of diffractive and refractive/reflective surfaces. Using the phase-shift properties of diffractive elements as an extra degree of freedom, two rays for each point on each diffractive surface are controlled. Representative diffractive systems designed by the SMS method are shown.