Wireless Optical Communications for Intra-Spacecraft Networks based on OCDMA with Random Optical Codes
In recent years, spacial agencies have shown a growing interest in optical wireless as an alternative to wired and radio-frequency communications [1,2]. The use of these techniques for intra-spacecraft communications reduces the effect of take-off acceleration and vibrations on the systems by avoiding the need for rugged connectors and provides a significant mass reduction. Diffuse transmission also eases the design process as terminals can be placed almost anywhere without a tight planification to ensure the proper system behaviour. Previous studies [3,4] have compared the performance of radio-frequency and infrared optical communications. In an intra-satellite environment optical techniques help reduce EMI related problems, and their main disadvantages - multipath dispersion and the need for line-of-sight - can be neglected due to the reduced cavity size. Channel studies  demonstrate that the effect of the channel can be neglected in small environments if data bandwidth is lower than some hundreds of MHz.